FRDI Bill Suggests “Bail-In” no “Bail-Out”

via FRDI Bill Suggests “Bail-In” no “Bail-Out”


FRDI Bill Suggests “Bail-In” no “Bail-Out”

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I think most of us know what is Bail-Out during post-2008 economic this term bail-out was used more often in discussions and news which clearly was intended to recapitalise the banks and financial institutions to carry out its business of lending and advances as usual. But we as Indians should need to get familiar with the term “bail-in”. Also don’t be surprised if tomorrow once the financial resolution and deposit insurance bill get passed in the coming winter session of parliament, then the certain clauses in the bill refers to a situation where you and I would be sharing a percentage of hard earned money to solve the NPA crisis. We all know that several of our public sector banks have been facing very severe NPA crisis because of their percentage of stressed assets has gone beyond control. So to overcome the situation our hard earned savings which are lying in the bank in form of deposits might be used to mitigate the losses the banks had made when they lend a huge sum of money to big corporates in India.
Unlike other economies in the world where people barely keep their savings in the form of deposits in banks because it fetched very less rate of interest for them, so they used to park the money in other asset classes. But the scenario in India is entirely the opposite, nearly 70% of the deposits in public sector banks are being contributed by the household savings of middle-class population. So imagine a scenario where we have to forgo a certain percentage of our deposits to support the bank to get out of the woods. Then what would be the guarantee that our savings in the banks will safe or in case tomorrow if walks in to your bank and asks the bank to liquidate the deposit and pay the money back to you, don’t be surprised if you get a reply from the official that you are eligible to get a certain percentage back, rest we will give it you after some time. If that happens I am sure we all will be crestfallen. The bill says
“The Corporation shall, in consultation with the appropriate regulator, specify the total amount payable by the Corporation with respect to any one depositor, as to his deposit insured under this Act, in the same capacity and in the same right”.

Let’s take a hypothetical situation, a scenario in which is a bank is facing liquidation an amount up to 1lakh which includes interest has been guaranteed under the deposit insurance scheme. But so far we never faced such situations because RBI as a regulator intervened proactively to help the problematic bank to get merged with a larger bank by transferring all its existing liabilities and assets to the bigger bank, hence helped by saving all retail investors not to lose their money. But if the new bill after all the discussions and deliberation comes to a reality then stressed banks control will completely come under the prerogative of” resolution corporation” In that case, it is not sure how much we as a depositor have to sacrifice on the losses bank has incurred over a period of time.
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In this regard, the bill says the following:
“…the Corporation may, in consultation with the appropriate regulator, if it is satisfied that it is necessary to bail-in a specified service provider to absorb the losses incurred, or reasonably expected to be incurred, by the specified service provider and to provide a measure of capital so as to enable it to carry on business for a reasonable period and maintain market confidence, take an action under this section by a bail-in instrument or a scheme to be made under section 48…..”

So let’s wait till the final contents of the bill come out in the open till then we all have to wait by keeping our fingers crossed.



downloadAlthough there have been many discussions happening around the globe on the future of cryptocurrency and opinions are in different hue and nature , many of them say that it is going to be the future how the world is going to transact or some other says cryptocurrencies are just a bubble which is not going to last too long. But the reality is that value of this decentralized currency has been going up for quite some time. Majority of the central banker’s has not accepted this form of the value of currency stored in digital form, however, the demand for cryptocurrencies has been going up day by day. The question largely would be what will be the implications if across the world people start using this form digital currency more often than usual. Yes if that happens world would witness a new form transactions where no government or central bank having any control or right on the transactions, You can transact with anyone from the across the globe immediately without any hassles.

Demystifying Cryptocurrency

At present, if we want to buy something through online we initiate transactions from our end, the bank or the credit act as an intermediary between the two ends. These intermediaries like bank or card company charge you with certain transaction cost as well as helps them track our transactions and our buying behaviour because everything transactions pass through a central ledger maintained by the bank where all the transactions will be captured. So if you want to keep the transactions directly between the buyer and end-user cryptocurrencies is the answer where nobody can track the transactions and its information. So in 2008, a new innovative idea was born where no banks or card companies could maintain a central ledger, But in the case of cryptocurrency instead of the central ledger, it becomes decentralized where real-time ledgers were created at every point of transactions called blockchain.

How it benefits

 This helps to create direct transactions without any intermediary.
 No restrictions for transactions across the national borders.
 Future wealth could be stored in cryptocurrencies without any theft and fraud
 No government or central banks have the control to freeze the account as they are able to do now.
 Unlike the currencies which are at present issued by central banks, Bitcoins are not issued by central banks.

Prominent cryptocurrencies available today

1) Bitcoin
2) Litecoin(LTC)
3) Ethereum(ETH)
4) Zcash(ZEC)
5) DASH( Previously known as Darkcoin)
6) Ripple(XRP)
7) Monero(XMR)

Still among the pack Bitcoin has been the most favourite among the users and followed by Ethereum and Ripple which are mostly used for enterprise solutions. But how these new digital currencies are going to change the way we transact now remains to be seen. In our country, RBI and Govt have not given green signal to accept the digital currency but constituted a committee to study its prospects and who knows central bank itself would come out with its own form of cryptocurrency. Let’s keep our fingers crossed and see what happens, but one thing is sure such technologies are going to disrupt the way at least the coming generations are going to transact in the future.


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Development and its false notions.

We as the citizens of this country has been aspiring for development, Everybody wants to see our country’s progress because right for a decent living with minimum amenities in place to satisfy our needs is democratic rights of each and every citizen of this country. We vote candidates from different political parties based on plank called “Development”. Have these representatives of the people do justice to their promise to the people, I think this question lingers large on everybody’s mind. The most recent stampede in Mumbai on the railway overbridge proves a point beyond doubt that Govt priorities changes once they are elected to power, they consciously forget their responsibilities towards common people of this country because either they have an agenda to pursue which has been far away from the realities on the ground or a misplaced notion for development . However, they pursue policies to favour the rich and corporates, help them gain maximum profits for the corporates out of it. In today’s environment, it has been increasingly evident that the Govt policy measures are not in sync with the reality, But politicians have consciously tried to pass the message to the larger audience that they are trying to build a new India. what is this new India means to common people, Is new India, govt talking about leave farmers to die because of not able to pay their debts, or children die out for not receiving the oxygen on time , or scores of people are left to die while standing in the queue to withdraw their savings from the bank,But frankly speaking all these campaigns by those in power is nothing but an effort to keep us living in fool’s paradise with hope that sometime someday something better would happen . Now, let’s take the incident happened in Mumbai around 25 valuable lives had been lost in the stampede, it is well known and many times it has been brought to their notice that the railway overbridge is 120 years old with the narrow passage which inadequate to handle the volume of passengers who commutes daily. But on the other hand, we have seen PM launching a bullet train project from Surat to Mumbai with a project cost 10,000 crores. But left to lurch in perennial neglect Do you think it is because of the misplaced priorities and opportunity for photo shots to be in the realm of public life as” Vikash purush “. I think beyond that govt’s has scant regard for the valuable lives of the common people. So it is quite natural to think that launching a bullet train project attracts more eyeballs, improve the optics than the repairing, improving the existing infrastructure of the railways. The major source of income to govt comes from the taxpayers money through direct and indirect taxes, Out of that major source of revenue comes from the indirect tax sources which you and I pay while purchasing our grocery or filling petrol in our vehicles , but the moot question is where do they spend the money collected from us ? Had they been spending the resources wisely frequent occurrence of rail accidents could have been avoided.

Misplaced priorities.

In the last several decades and increasingly so in the last three years, the optics of development for this govt has been through series of announcements of schemes, But very little budget or money has been allocated to improve the situation. Take in the case of rural distress and farmers problem, in the last three years we have not seen any concrete or well thought out plans to address the problem faced by the farmers, Now we have started debating whether the demonetization has delivered its objective , still many argue that the long-term benefits would overweigh the short-term problems. How is it possible when Govt allowed the daily wage workers, farmers to starve and die of poverty. When you have global oil prices at all time low, how can they still allow it to be costlier in India without passing the benefits to the common people? These issues need immediate address rather than ministers after minister trying to justify the move by showing very less importance to issues affecting the common man on the streets.

Optics matter more than the reality.

A responsible government and its administration should be spending the time to address the issues faced by the masses and how they could solve the issues faced by the public at large. In the case of demonisation as the biggest administrative act by the govt has failed miserably, because the reports are out in the open which states more than 90% of the money in circulation came back to the banks. So the purpose of the demo has failed completely. One shock after the other flawed implementation of GST has destroyed the backbone of the economy further, So serious of shocks had already put the ailing patient in ICU, which takes for the patient to come out of the danger. But the optics created by Modi government being that they are sincere in their efforts to attack the black money and GST has been hailed as the biggest reform since independence. If Govt has had any seriousness in curtailing the black money in circulation they should have acted with resilience in bringing the black money stashed abroad, And also should have imposed more taxes on the elites, If they had done any of these it would have signalled some credence to their sincerity in curbing the black money. . Job losses have hit economy badly which really pulled GDP growth down, overall distress in rural economy has taken the situation to such a low, perhaps it takes time to recover.

Inclusive development

You cannot have changed priorities once you get into power Because elected representatives carry the hopes of millions of people who daily fight to survive, lead a life of dignity. So any development for that matter should be inclusive in nature which takes care of the basic needs of the common masses. Take for instances the agriculture’s contribution towards GDP has been declining steadily for couple of decades , Govt, after govt promised to take care of the concerns faced by the farmers, But little has been done to improve the situation, like this many sectors be it education or healthcare which needs a lot of attention and care to improve it. So a real development is nothing but taking everyone together, For the last 3years we have seen hue and cry happening over cow vigilantism and nationalism, Do such priorities of the Govt do any good for the
80% of the population?

Cost of Bullet train

The project cost is expected to be Rs.110,000 crore ie is which works out to be Rs.217crore per km. In 2016 Indian railways reported 186 deaths which go up to 325 deaths, why Modi goes for this expensive project when the entire railway infrastructure meddles with problems of long-term neglect. so it has been the classic case of misplaced priority.

Source:  Frontline October 13, 2017.