Happiness is scientifically defined as a mental or emotional state of well-being defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to immense joy. According to Buddhist teaching, ultimate happiness can only be achieved if one disowns his or her craving for material pleasure, In 2012 world happiness report came into being which evaluates subjective wellbeing. UN general assembly passed a resolution inviting member countries to measure their people’s wellness which could be further used as a guide to for the formulation effective public policies Among the world nations Bhutan is only nation which has officially accepted Gross national happiness as a measuring tool instead of Gross domestic product, unlike other nations. There are many debates happening across the globe whether the GDP is a real tool to measure a country’s progress per se or many others factors need to be considered, let’s leave that to the experts to ponder upon.
Happiness is a sense of overall well-being of an individual or society at large where a lot of factors social & physiological comes into play. When this gets linked to an individual it might differ from people to people. Suppose if you ask this question to war-torn countries like Syria, Iraq or Palestinian they all want to see the conflict coming to an end, they just waiting to start a new life from the rubbles. In the happiness report published in 2017, Norway is the overall happiest country in the world followed by Denmark, Iceland, and Switzerland. In the report, the overall scores have been arrived by considering six main variables like Percapita GDP, social support, Healthy life expectancy, Freedom to make choices, generosity& trust against the imaginary or hypothetical nation called Dystopia. “Dystopia the world itself means imaginary nation in which everything is bad & worse”. As per the report, top ranked nations like Norway or Denmark are considered as most developed countries based on Human development index, people in these countries are relatively happy compared to their counterparts living in developing nations In Asia & Africa.
Juxtaposing Happiness quotient in the context of Globalization
There are widely differing views on the globalization and how it has effectively transformed the living conditions in the poorer nations, Many pro-globalization champions widely held a view that globalization is inevitable, which could further help in the transnational cooperation in the larger context.How an economic activity favoring the rich improved ever since the onset of globalization and trade liberalization. But the irony is that in the last decade or so the Global inequality has seen some decline, but compared to the progress achieved by few elites, the inequality has only risen and would going to continue unabated. The happiness in the globalized context is more tilted in favor of chasing wealth and material well-being, More than the half of the world population has only suffered more at the cost of the policies of richest few nations. The developed nations like United states of America always wants to control the affairs of other nations by asserting their supremacies through precipitating wars, exploiting the natural resource and also seeing the rate of increase in their goods crossing the borders of other nations their by earning more through export than in their own domestic market.
If we take a holistic view the developed nations are always in commanding positions to safeguard their own country’s interest. So happiness as quotient more often considered as a method to further their interests in material well-being. In the last decade or so global wars are mainly fought on the thirst for Oil, richer countries want to have enough stocks of oil to run their daily business. Now we are witnessing symptoms of reversing the statuesque and slowly going back to protectionist practices to safeguard the interest of people in their own nation due to increased competition from other nationalities.
True happiness is hard to achieve.
I think most of them won’t agree with me on the nature of happiness we are going to enjoy in the coming decade. True happiness is something which is beyond the mankind reach , I am not saying that all should turn into spiritual beings , which is highly unlikely to be, because in the 21st century human being as most intelligent species are chasing one milestone after the other in terms of improving one’s own living standard by earning more than they used to be, jumping from one material comfort to other, because we keep innovating more on new technologies and equipment, reduce our physical effort by depending more on robots, Artificial intelligence and planning for space odysseys , our desire keeps going up so do we continue chasing for more, In today’s world those who faces acute health problems are the one who eats more, than who starves. In the process, we also keep neglecting the very important aspect of preservation of the natural resources. we once never thought that water would become such scarce resource, we were blessed with enough rivers and other water sources, but due to over-exploiting, we are nearing to a situation of acute water crisis which was once in abundance now becoming scarce.